the domination of communism in the world

The fall

The economic stagnation turned into a collapse during the reign of the Brezhnev successors:
Andropov and Chernenko. It was further deepened by its involvement in numerous armed
conflicts in Third World countries which were a substitute for a real confrontation with
Western democracies. The largest of these, the 1979 war in Afghanistan, was long and
exhausting and turned out to be a coffin nail of the Soviet economy. The system was bursting
and the attempts made by the party to liberalise or reform it (especially in the 1980s by
Mikhail Gorbachev) only led to the awakening of centrifugal tendencies which with

considerable help from the USA and Western countries, eventually resulted in the collapse
and actual liquidation of the Soviet Union.
It was replaced on December 8, 1991, by a much looser union of states formerly part of the
USSR - the Commonwealth of Independent States. However, despite the appearances of
peaceful transformation, the fall of communism in the area today called post-Soviet in many
places (including Russia itself) took the form of sharp clashes, sometimes even armed. Forced
attempts to maintain the unity of the collapsing USSR, such as the failed Yanayev coup in
Moscow or the attempt to pacify the independence aspirations of the Baltic States, were
replaced by further ethnic and territorial conflicts between the former republics. Most of them,
such as Nagorno-Karabakh on the Armenian-Azeri border, the separatism of Abkhazia and
Ossetia in Georgia or the recent annexation of Ukraine's Crimea by Russia, might in the future
become catalysts for much more serious and extensive armed clashes.

The Russian Federation itself today seems not only not to be blurring or eliminating the
remains of the communist system but also to use them in its neo-imperialist policies, the aim
of which seems to rebuild the international position of the Soviet Union. Therefore, the
extremely difficult and bloody history (especially of the Stalinist period) is devalued there on
a programmatic basis or explained by several internal and external circumstances. The fact
that the Communist crimes have not yet been fully settled and tried is largely due to the fact
that Russia, as one of the main victims of the criminal ideology of Marxism-Leninism, has no
interest in doing so. As long as the real power in it is exercised by the beneficiaries of the
previous system who used the political transformation to create a new post-communist
oligarchy, there is no hope for a change of this state of affairs.