the domination of communism in the world

The fall

The economic situation of Poland, like that of other so-called demoludes, was getting worse
and worse. Polish communists, taking the example of Gorbachev's reforms in the USSR, also
decided to liberalise the system to some extent. At the end of the 1980s, new waves of strikes
broke through Poland, and the communists, trying to salvage their situation, decided to start
talks with the moderate part of the opposition. The result of the so-called Round Table was the
organisation of the first partially free elections in the Eastern Bloc on 4 June 1989. They
proved to be a great success for the reborn Solidarity movement and showed very clearly the
low public support of the Communist Party. Although, according to the pre-election decisions,
the communists had a guaranteed majority in the new parliament, General Czesław Kiszczak,
the communist appointed as prime ministers, failed to form a government. However, the
opposition representative Tadeusz Mazowiecki, who led a broad coalition with the
participation of all parties in the parliament, managed to do so. On December 29, 1989, the
name of the country was changed to the Republic of Poland. In 1990, as a result of completely
free elections, the leader of "Solidarity", Lech Wałęsa, became the new president of Poland.

As in many other former Eastern Bloc countries, in Poland, too, the communists who were
detached from power, were renamed Social Democrats. Moreover, as a result of democratic
elections, they managed to rule in an independent Poland (1993-1997, 2001-2005), and the
former communist Aleksander Kwasniewski held the office of President of Poland for as
many as two terms of office (1995-2005). In 2002, the Polish Communist Party was also
recreated, but it did not have any support in the society. It is worth noting that in 2015, the
Communist Party called for a boycott of the parliamentary elections, thus referring to the
worst traditions of its pre-war namesake.