the domination of communism in the world

Small stabilisation

Joseph Stalin died in 1953. Initially, in the People's Republic of Poland the event did not
cause any major changes, but over time, the repressions gradually slackened. The Stalinists
were removed from power, an amnesty for political prisoners was declared, and censorship of
the press was relaxed. The breakthrough in Stalin's assessment was a paper delivered by the
First Secretary of the Central Committee of the Civic Platform of the Soviet Union, Nikita
Khrushchev at the end of the 20th Congress of the Civic Platform of National Remembrance
held on 14-26 February 1956. At the same time, the communist leader of Poland, Bolesław
Bierut died and Edward Ochab took his place as the First Secretary of the Central Committee
of the Polish United Workers' Party.

Tłum ludzi zebranych na ul. Czerwonej Armii (obecnie Św. Marcin). Na dachach otoczonych demonstrantami samochodów i tramwajów stoją ludzie. Po lewej stronie fragment gmachu Akademii Muzycznej, dalej szpaler latarni ulicznych i masztów z flagami różnych państw. Po prawej stronie Collegium Minus Uniwersytetu im. Adama Mickiewicza na rogu ul. Stalingradzkiej (obecnie Henryka Wieniawskiego), w głębi Collegium Iuridicum Uniwersytetu im. Adama Mickiewicza (wówczas siedziba Komendy Wojewódzkiej Milicji Obywatelskiej)


Na pierwszym planie trzech mężczyzn, Stanisław Tomalak ( pierwszy od lewej), Zbigniew Błaszyk (drugi od lewej), Janusz Kulas (trzeci od lewej), idzie ul. Czerwonej Armii (obecnie św. Marcin), trzymając nad głową transparent z napisem

On June 28, 1956 in Poznań, for the first time in the
history of the People's Republic of Poland workers took a mass stand against the communist
authorities. The economic demands quickly turned into political demands and the workers and
inhabitants of Poznań were convinced they participated in the national uprising. The riots,
however, were bloodily suppressed.

Demonstranci idący ulicą w Poznaniu.  Na pierwszym planie trzech mężczyzn trzyma nad głową transparent z napisem


Czołg z namalowanym numerem


In October, Ochab resigned as the First Secretary of the
Central Committee of the Polish United Workers' Party in favour of Władysław Gomułka.
The new leader of the party enjoyed thr great trust of the society. He was seen as a patriot
(repressed for right-wing nationalist deviations) and a supporter of reforms. His role in the
helping the communists take over in Poland was not remembered or was chosen not to be


Czołg opanowany przez demonstrantów na ulicy Dąbrowskiego (z częściowo widocznym numerem


Gomułka's very good reception by the public and the elections held in 1957
when even the primate of Poland, who was released from internment, Cardinal Stefan
Wyszyński, voted unconditionally, can be regarded as a kind of genuine legitimization of
Wiesław's comrade's rule (as his popular nickname was), but quickly resigned from the
reform course, if indeed he ever took one. Censorship and repression of the opposition
continued to intensify in 1957. However, they have never taken on the face of the terror of the
Stalinist years.


Czołg opanowany przez demonstrantów na ulicy Dąbrowskiej (z częściowo widocznym numerem