Independent Poland was the first country that stood in the way of the global communist
revolution. The Bolsheviks were absolutely sure of their upcoming victories. The Red Army's
offensive, which began in the summer of 1920 in Belarus, developed very successfully.
Within a few weeks, the Bolsheviks stood on the line of the Vistula, reaching almost suburbs
of the Polish capital Warsaw and Lenin could have dreamed of extending the revolution to the
Danube countries. However, the Polish Army, commanded by Marshal Józef Piłsudski,
performed an unexpected counter-attack from the Wieprz River, going to the rear of the entire
group of the Western Front of the Red Army. The revolutionists' defeat was absolute. The
Bolsheviks were thrown off the Warsaw suburbs and a month later they were severely beaten
again in the Battle of the Niemen River. The plans for a global revolution were thus
completely crossed out for some time.
The peace treaty, signed in Latvian Riga in March 1921, was treated more as a ceasefire by
both parties, as neither Lenin nor his successors had ever abandoned the idea of exporting the
revolution in order to build socialism in one country, contrary to accepted rhetoric. The Poles
were to find out about it on their own, less than 20 years later.