Stalin's death caused a softening of policy in the USSR satellite states. Imre Nagy was Prime
Minister in Hungary in June 1953. His expose contained slogans that the public wanted to
hear: raising the standard of living, increasing the production of consumer goods. However,
the "hardliners" of the Communists did not want liberal changes, and Rákos still held a lot of
power. Nagy was accused of "right-wing deviation", in April 1955 he was deprived of party
and state offices, and in November of the same year, he was expelled from the party.
However, changes seemed inevitable, especially after the famous Khrushchev paper of
February 1956 was delivered, in which he condemned Stalin's policy.
Accidents in Poland also played an important role in the situation in Hungary (Poznań June
1956, the rise to power of Gomułka). The Petófi Youth Workers' Union, an association of
young intellectuals, demanded the end of censorship and the resignation of Rákosi who
dissolved the club, accused Nagy of conspiracy and demanded the arrest of 400 "conspiracy
men". It was the last straw, also in the Kremlin. In July, he was forced to leave his post, then
left for the USSR, where he died in 1971.