Hungarian revolution of 1956 r.
Looking for a way to improve the mood in the country, the Communist Party leaders came to
the conclusion that Nagy’s return the party could have been the solution. However, the
Hungarians wanted more change. On 22nd October the Association of Hungarian Student
Organisations published its programme. There were demands for the withdrawal of Soviet
troops, secret elections, reorganisation of the economy, freedom of speech, removal of Stalin's
monuments, and the return of Kossuth's coat of arms. They also called for support for the
changes in Poland, meeting at the monument to Joseph Bem in Budapest (the hero of Poland
Tens of thousands of people took to the streets of the Hungarian capital the next day. Some of
the demonstrators moved to the building of the parliament and the radio, demanding the
implementation of the above-mentioned demands and power for Nagy. Importantly, some of
the demonstrators had weapons taken from the police and soldiers. It is unknown when and
from which side the shooting started, the killed and injured appeared. A crowd of one hundred
thousand at Heroes Square demolished a huge monument of Stalin. The Hungarian
The Communists wanted to suppress the revolution as soon as possible, and at night they
decided to ask the Soviet army to intervene in Budapest. Nagy was appointed Prime Minister.
On 25 October another major demonstration came before Parliament demanding Gerő's
departure from his office as a secretary. The demonstrators were shot by members of the
ÁVH, the political police, known as 'avoshs', and nearly 200 people were killed. Gerő had
been replaced by János Kádár. However, this did not stop the revolution that was spreading
throughout the country.
Independent newspapers were created, liquidated parties were reactivated, and new ones came
into being. A general strike and fighting between insurgents and hated avians continued. The
rhetoric of the authorities has also changed. A new government with non-communist
politicians is on the table, the ÁVH is being dissolved and the traditional coat of arms is being
On 30th October it was agreed to withdraw the Soviet troops from Budapest and to withdraw
from Hungary. The Hungarian Workers' Party was dissolved and replaced by the Hungarian
Socialist Workers' Party. The end of the one-party system was announced, and free elections
were promised. Hungary terminated its membership of the Warsaw Pact on 1st November and
declared its neutrality.
However, Moscow could not allow the insurgents to win. The decision to intervene in
Hungary had been taken even before the changes mentioned above. It was decided to suppress
the revolution by force and to deceive the Hungarians all the time that the Soviet troops would
withdraw from their country.
On the 4 of November in the morning the attack of Soviet troops, supported by armoured
weapons and aviation, began. The international community was sent begging voices to help
Hungary. The disproportion of forces left no illusions and the uprising collapsed on 10
November, although the individual resistance points fought longer. About 3,000 people died
and 18,000 Hungarians were injured. 722 Soviet soldiers died or disappeared, 1540 were
Most of the Western world was not interested in the bloody suppression of the uprising in
Budapest - its eyes were on the Suez Canal and the ongoing conflict between Egypt and the
United Kingdom, France and Israel.