the domination of communism in the world

The Berlin Wall

The turn of the 1950s and 1960s was a period of particular tension in the Cold War. In 1958
Nikita Khrushchev demanded the withdrawal of US, French and British forces from Berlin. It
was caused, among other things, by the deteriorating demographic situation in East Germany -
after the division of Berlin, more than 3 million Germans fled to the west, not willing to live
in a communist country. The talks between the USSR and the US did not lead to an
agreement, so in 1961 Khrushchev reissued an ultimatum of the withdrawal of the Western
forces, being rejected by the US. The GDR responded in a construction of the Berlin Wall
started on 13 August 1961, one of the most significant symbols of the Cold War. In the
following years, many people died, trying to get to the other side of the wall (they were often
shot by guards).