Klemens Gottwald ruled until 1953 and died shortly after Stalin's funeral. His rule was not
very different from that of the communists in other Eastern Bloc countries during the Stalinist
era. The centralisation of power proceeded, opponents of the new system were eliminated
from public life, and political purge inside the party was carried out (including sentencing to
death). It is reported that between 1948 and 1954 there were 200 000 political prisoners. The
Church was also fought with (in 1949-1963, among others, Archbishop Beran was interned,
and in 1950 most of the orders and novitiates were abolished). In opposition to the church, the
ideology of Marxism-Leninism was promoted. In the economy, rural collectivization was
carried out and emphasis was put on heavy industry.
The government also prepared a monetary reform that would hit the society. To protest, at the
beginning of June 1953, employees of the Skoda factory in Pilsen, among others, took to the
streets. Demonstrations and clashes with the police began. Similar events took place in other
cities as well, but they were quickly suppressed by the government. Six people died and more
than 200 were brought before the court.