the domination of communism in the world

Broz Tito's death and breakup of Yugoslavia

Despite the significant development of civilisation, the communists still failed to resolve the
deep economic gap between the individual republics, which also slowly became a source of
tension. They were manifested with full force in the 1980s, especially after the death of Josip
Broz Tito, who had been holding the whole iron embrace so far. His death on 4 May 1980
coincided with stagnation and later with a gradual economic collapse, constituting the dusk
of the idea of a common state for Southern Slavs. His successors lacked charisma and
authority, and in the face of the devaluation of communist ideals throughout the Eastern
Bloc, the last bonds that formed the basis of the federation broke. Grim proof of this can be
found in the ease with which the post-Communists from the Socialist Party, which won the
first free elections in the SERBIAN REPUBLIC in 1990, took over nationalist ideas. Ultimately,
it was the resistance of the First Secretary of the Union of Serbian Communists, Slobodan
Milosević, to the extraordinary Congress of the Party in January 1990, which was to reform
the federation, that led to the withdrawal of Slovenian communists from it, which was a
prelude to the secession of individual republics.

It was also the beginning of one of the bloodiest conflicts in Europe after 1945 - the civil war
in Yugoslavia.

Nearly half a century of communism left a noticeable trace in the former republics to this
day. The economic crisis of the 1980s and the devastating civil war stopped the economic
development of the poorer parts of the former federations, Bosnia, Serbia and Macedonia,
above all, by breaking the economic ties in Yugoslavia and forcing them to reorient their
policies. There is also the division into the rich north, Slovenia and Croatia, the members of
the European Union and NATO, and the poorer countries of the south outside these
structures, which are still trying to find themselves in a new situation and trying to bridge
the widening gap between them and the rest of the countries in the region.