the domination of communism in the world

War on influence

The introduction of the Communist regime in Albania was very similar to that in the
neighbouring Yugoslavia, and these are no coincidences. Since the establishment of the
Communist Party of Albania (CPA) in November 1941, the Yugoslav Communists have
exerted a great deal of influence on their Albanian counterparts by actively participating in
the very process of the group formation. It was thanks to the Yugoslavian communists
Miladin Popović and Dušan Mugos, who were active in Kosovo, that after six days of difficult
discussions involving the groups of Albanian communists from the Shkoder and Korçë and
the so-called young groups were finally reconciled and, by way of compromise, the first
secretary of the Envera Hodża’s party and the 12-person Central Committee were elected.
The goal set by the Albanian Communists in their founding declaration was also clear. These
were the liberation of Albania from the Italian occupation (which it was under in April 1939),

the fight for independence and, most importantly, the formation of a popular democratic
In October 1942, using Yugoslavian experience - not only in the ongoing guerrilla fight but
also, perhaps above all, politically - the CPA proclaimed the establishment of the so-called
National Liberation Front, which, like its counterpart in the occupied Yugoslavia, was to bring
together all parties and political groups striving for the liberation of Albania under the
leadership of communists. This activity, as well as the creation of armed partisan troops, the
so-called National Liberation Army, significantly increased the prestige of the KPA, hitherto a
marginal political force in Albania, which had only 200 members in 1942.
Support for the communist partisan troops came from the least expected side in September
1943, when together with the capitulation of Italy (which had occupied Albania so far), some
soldiers moved to the communist side. However, this did not mean the liberation of the
country yet, as the place of the Italian occupiers was taken instantly by the Germans. At that
time, the CPA also made its first attempts to communicate with other factions not affiliated
with the National Liberation Front, mainly the right-wing nationalist organization Balli
Kombëtar (Eng. National Front), whose representatives spun a vision of post-war Great
Albania, enlarged, among others, by Yugoslavian Kosovo. This resulted in a strong reaction
from Yugoslavian communists, afraid of losing control over the marriage of communism with
the idea of a Great Albania, which had so far been kept in the hands of the KPA and, above
all, which had been dangerous for Yugoslavia. In the end, the talks were broken and Balli
Kombëtar, on the basis of the so-called Dalmazo-Këlcyr Protocol, consorted with the
occupying forces in order to fight together against the Communists. The repercussions of
such a step were disastrous for nationalists. They lost most of their public support, and the
National Liberation Army, perceived as uncompromising and ideological in its struggle for
independence, grew into the main guerrilla force in the country. At the beginning of 1944,
70 thousand Albanians were already fighting in its ranks.
The image of the steadfast red guerrilla was further reinforced by the events of the second
half of 1944, when the difficult situation on the eastern front forced the German troops to
withdraw from the territory of Albania. The communist troops, with their only real military
force, gradually took control of the area that was being abandoned by the occupying forces,

until 28 October they liberated the country's capital, Tirana. Thus, the communists,
unhindered and almost full of power, started from the very beginning to implement the
ideology of Marxism-Leninism.