the domination of communism in the world

Post-war terror

The first one to take place was a hearing with the so-called possessing classes, in other
words, people connected with the previous, pre-war, socio-political system. Only between
28 October and 16 November 1944, in Tirana, did Communist skirmishers women murder 37
Albanian intellectuals as real (as well as potential) opponents of the new regime. Terror, led
through the intelligence units of the National Liberation Army, transformed into the People's
Defence Department, took over not only the capital, but also the province. The actions of
the communists also met with armed resistance in some places. On January 23, 1945, the
first anti-communist uprising in this part of Europe broke out in Koplik, which, although
quickly suppressed, somewhat smashed the boot of the new government.
In parallel with the crackdown on the possessing classes, action was taken against
collaborators, with the term widely used not only for former collaborators of the occupying
authorities, but also for all political opponents. Thus, at the beginning of 1945, about 60
representatives of pre-war elites were arrested and brought before the Revolutionary
Tribunal on charges of acting to the detriment of the Albanian people. 17 of them received
death sentences. In this there are such “enemies of the people” as: Xhevat Korҫa - pre-war
Minister of Education, Kol Tromara - Minister of Culture, Gjergi Bubari - Director of Radio
Tirana, General Gustav Myrdashi - former General of the Austro-Hungarian Army, organiser
and trainer of the pre-war Albanian army, Hilmi Lekka - Minister of Folk Culture, Shyqursi
Borshi - Minister of National Defence, and Daut Carcani - Minister of Internal Affairs. All of
them were shot on the same day in the suburbs of Tirana and buried in an unmarked grave.
Several similar processes have taken place. The last of them, the most famous, took place in
1946. It was then that the defendants' bench was filled with, among others, former
members of the Regency Council - Lef Nosi and Father Anton Harapi, and former Prime
Minister Maliq Bushati. They, too, were sentenced to death and executed. The figure of Koci
Xoxe, Minister of the Internal Affairs of the revolutionary government, has become a dark
symbol of these propaganda political processes, which had nothing to do with justice.