Some nations are carriers of progress, others are not – this is the conclusion of Frederick Engels' article “Der magyarische Kampf”", which was published in February 1849 in the “Neue Rheinische Zeitung” journal, run by Charles Marx. According to Marxism's theorists, counter-revolutionary nations were bound to fall in a future “revolutionary storm”. Otherwise, they would become fervent enemies of the socialist revolution. Engels described the nations intended for the doom as “Völkerabfall” which can be translated as “national waste”. Their fate was was to “disappear from the earth surface with the arrival of a new socialist order,” as Marx argued in an article of “People's Paper” dated April 16, 1853. In Engels' reasoning, the destruction of not only reactionary classes and dynasties, but also of entire nations, which brings to mind genocide, “was also a progress”.
The national waste of Engels and Marx included, among others, Scots, Bretons (for their resistance to the progressive French Revolution), Basques (for their support for the reactionaries in the fight for the throne of Spain), Czechs and Serbs, as well as Russians permeated with feudalism and Jacobinism. Interestingly, in their opinion Poles, as owners of the revolutionary element, were to be reborn in the new reality and take their rightful place next to progressive Germans, British, French and Hungarians.
Internationalism was a necessary condition for the victory of the revolution because neither Marx nor Engels believed it was possible for communism to coexist with any other bourgeois system. The racist deliberations on the extermination of one nation or another were based on the conviction that the full implementation of the dictatorship of the proletariat was possible only after the violent overthrow of capitalism and the elimination of resistance against new orders. All over the world.
Regimes relying on the ideology of communism caused death over 100 million people.
Regimes relying on the ideology of communism caused death over 100 million people