Avantgarde of the new order

In the “Communist Manifesto” Marx and Engels pointed to the division into classes of exploiting owners and workers being exploited as the source of social conflicts. At the same time, they put forward the thesis that the fight between them is continuous and permanent, and that it can be ended only by “revolutionary reconstruction of society as a whole or common extermination”. According to Marx and Engels, the power capable of implementing revolutionary transformations was the proletariat, because only he had a real interest in it. The obstacles that made it difficult for the proletarians to understand their historical mission were to be, first and foremost, religion and nationalism. The Communists, in turn, were supposed to be the only conscious and progressive part of the working parties in all countries, a kind of avantgarde of the new social order. And it was them who had a leading role in the tasks of shaping the proletariat into a class, overthrowing the bourgeoisie, and finally gaining political power. In 1859 Charles Darwin published his work “On the Origin of Species”. It confirmed Marx's historical need to eliminate “waste”. Darwin himself stated that he gave “a scientific basis for the historical necessity of class struggle and justified the need to get rid of individuals who did not keep up with the ideals of revolution.”

The first volume of the monumental "Capital", published in 1867, was the crowning achievement of Marx and Engels' political thought. It contained, above all, the analysis and criticism of capitalist society A careful reading of Marx and Engels' numerous publications may lead to the conclusion that these were the first philosophers in history who allowed and even justified in some way what was described as genocide in the 20th century as a means of putting their ideas into practice.