Division of the world

The world divided

“From Szczecin on the Baltic to Trieste on the Adriatic, the Iron Curtain fell down, dividing our continent. Beyond this line, the capitals of what used to be the Central and Eastern Europe remained. Warsaw, Berlin, Prague, Vienna, Budapest, Belgrade, Bucharest and Sofia, all these cities and all their inhabitants are in what must be called the Soviet zone, they are all under Soviet influence in one form or another, but also - to a large and increasing extent - under Moscow control” - Winston Churchill, 5 March 1946.

The end of World War II did not bring the desired peace. There ensued a period of more than 40 years of the so-called Cold War. The world was divided into two fighting camps: non- communist countries under the leadership of the USA and communist countries under the leadership of the USSR. Humanity lived in fear of the spectre of the outbreak of World War III and nuclear extermination. However, despite the great tension and the conflicts between the two powers, there was no direct clash. After all, the communist economy did not endure the arms race, which contributed significantly to the collapse of the system and the collapse of the USSR. However, this did not mean the death of the very idea of communism in the world.