Division of the world

Leftist terrorism in Western Europe

The communist ideology spread not only in the Eastern Bloc countries. It was also taken to certain groups in the West. Some of them were formed by terrorist groups, among which the following should be mentioned: the West German Red Army Faction (Rote Armee Fraktion or Baader-Meinhof Group - from commanders’ names) and the Italian Red Brigades (Brigate Rosse) and smaller: Action directe in France and Grupos de Resistencia Antifascista Primero de Octubre in Spain.

In outbursts, the up to 50-member Red Army Faction was founded in 1970 and operated until 1998 (renouncing terrorism only in 1992). 34 people died and several hundred were injured in its attacks.
It was in 1970 that the Red Brigades were founded in Italy as well. Initially, the human resources organisation grew to around 1,000 members and 2,000 collaborators in the late 1970s. The most spectacular act of terror, which lasted until the early 1980s, was the kidnapping and murder of the former Italian Prime Minister, Aldo Moro (1978).