Maoism, that is the Chinese development of Marxism-Leninism, was national communism (as
opposed to Soviet, international communism). The idea of Mao Zedong to give communism
national characteristics will become an inspiration for many other communist activists,
especially from the countries of the so-called third world. Mao Zedong was also the author of
some of the greatest and most terrible communist experiments: the “big leap forward” which
was to transform China into an industrial power in a short space of time (1958-1962) and the
“cultural revolution” (1966-1969, and de facto until 1976). Both ended up tragically, killing
millions of people and ruining the economy.
Despite its ideological proximity, China has not always remained an ally of the USSR. Relations between the two communist powers deteriorated considerably in 1969, which resulted in the visit of American President Richard Nixon (1972) to China.
Mao Zedong died in 1976. He is considered one of the greatest criminals in the history of the world. He is credited with killing more than 60 million people. His successor, Deng Xiaoping, moved away from Maoistism in favour of market socialism and Dengism (Marxism in the Confucian spirit).
PRC propaganda poster, calling for the fight against capitalists.
The Cultural Revolution was connected with the introduction of mass indoctrination of the population and the destruction of hitherto achievements of the Middle Kingdom's tradition, history and culture.
The Cultural Revolution launched by Mao has claimed many lives among the Chinese population.