Polish-Bolshevik war

On the way of the universal revolution, however, the newly reborn after 123 years of annexation Polish state stood, which, although showing tactful neutrality during the hardest battles of the Bolsheviks with the Whites, pursued its own independent policy and exceptionally valued regained independence. However, the Bolsheviks were absolutely sure of victory. The counter-offensive of the Red Army, which began in the summer of 1920 in Belarus, developed very successfully. Within a few weeks, the Bolsheviks stood on the line of the Vistula almost reaching suburbs of Warsaw and Lenin could have developed a vision of extending the revolution to the countries bordering on the Danube. However, the Polish Army led by Marshal Józef Piłsudski who in the past was himself a revolutionary socialist, performed an unexpected counter-attack from the Wieprz River, going to the back of the entire group of the Western Front of the Red Army. The revolutionists' defeat was complete. The Bolsheviks were pushed off from Warsaw, and a month later they were severely beaten again in the Battle of the Niemen River. The plans for a global revolution were thus completely abandoned for some time.

The collapse of the policy of the external revolution, that is the idea of bringing the communist system to the neighbouring countries on the bayonets of the Red Army, forced the Bolsheviks to focus again on the internal front. The peace treaty with Poland, signed in Latvian Riga in March 1921, was treated by both parties more as a ceasefire, as neither Lenin nor his successors had ever abandoned the idea of exporting the revolution to build socialism in one country, contrary to accepted rhetoric. However, it gave the Bolsheviks much-needed time to put the internal situation in a Russia bleeding with wars and terror in order.