Before the internal danger of the reactionary “white generals” and their allies could be completely resolved, the Bolsheviks began to implement the international aspect of their revolutionary work. Recognizing the first signs of a smouldering revolution in Germany, which had been defeated as a result of the First World War and the collapsing Austro-Hungary (the proclamation of the Bavarian and Hungarian Republics of the Councils in 1919), Lenin decided to use the Red Army to set off a revolutionary fire across Europe. Mindful of Marx and Engels' indications that only the participation of the large industrial proletariat of highly urbanized Western European countries could guarantee the full success of communist ideas, Lenin openly admitted to have treated Russia only as the first stage of the world revolution. A key role in these calculations was played by Germany, which was on the verge of revolutionary boiling point, where after the defeat of the war and the collapse of the empire social and economic degradation took place, making it practically defenceless against the planned invasion.
Rosa Luxemburg and Karl Liebknecht were the main initiators of the failed communist revolution in Germany.